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三星堆不解之迷 (Riddling Sanxingdui )作者:互联网        发布时间:2011-02-10       阅读次数:75       【返回上一页

   古时祭祀坑多为五个一起出现。在三星堆发现的两个坑若确实为祭祀用坑的话,还会有第三、第四、第五个坑被发现吗?会有历史更古久、更精美、更令今人难以理解的文物出土吗?

   三星堆古蜀已建立了城市、产生了高度发达的青铜器,并有了大型的宗教祭祀场所,这些都是早期国家产生的标志因素,但出土物中没有可称得上文字的符号-铭文?真难以想像在没有文字的社会环境中,古代蜀族居然能创造那样高水平的物质文明。

   三星堆的奇异人物造型,如纵目人面像,很容易就让人联想到古代神话中的"千里眼,顺风耳"形象,这会是天外来客的外形吗?或者这些东西是用于天人相通的器物?或者它们就是天外来客的遗存物?  玉、石器主要堆积在东北角,尤其是玉璋和戈,在出土的器物上都有被火烧烟熏的痕迹。许多变形、残损的铜器、玉石器,除一部分是由于在填土过程中打夯挤压所致外,有的是被火烧坏。还有大部分是入坑前当时人们在进行某种活动时而损毁。如有的铜器一侧或一端烧变形呈半熔化状态;有的玉石器被打碎,出土时残断部分位于坑内不同部位,有的甚至分为五处;有的拆为两段而重送在一起;有的器物端刃或柄残断了,发掘时将填土进行筛过,也未发现残缺部分。这种情况,显然是器物在入坑前就残损了。那么,为什么人们要将一件件国之重器先破坏再埋掉?

   两个藏物坑不是同时填埋的,据C14测定,一号坑早于二号坑100年左右,但是,两个坑的距离只有20几米,两坑方向大体一致,若以一号坑倾倒器物的中央坑道为主方向,则一号坑为北偏西45°,二号坑为北偏西55°,均对向西北方的高山。

   将出土青铜器进行检测,在所有的样品中均未发现锌的存在。自然界中单一的铅矿很少,铅和锌往往是伴生在一起的,冶炼铅常用的矿石也称为铅锌矿。因此在使用了铅的合金中,往往都会发现微量锌的存在。在三星堆青铜器的成分分析结果是:微量锌是不存在的,在全部样品中未发现锌的踪痕。这表明:蜀人使用来冶炼青铜的铅矿、可能不是通常使用的铅锌矿,而是无锌伴生的铅矿,这与同一时期中原地区冶炼青铜的原料之一--铅矿的产地是不相同的。但这样的铅矿在四川没有被发现,古蜀人如何能得到它?

 The sacrifice excavations in ancienct time normally were digged in 5 together, calculated like this, maybe the third, fouth and fifth will be discovered in Sanxingdui, correspondingly whether there will be more cultural relics unearthed, with more long history, more fine workmanship and more mysterious cultural relics?

Viewed the Sanxingdui Site of Ancient Kingdom Of Shu, there were cities, advanced bronze and large religion sacrifice sites built at that time,all are sign factors of the existence of ancient countries,but there aren't any sign on cultural relics which can be called words; it is very hard to believe how can the Shu Nationality create so advanced material civilization in the social environment without any word.

Very strange character sculpts in Sanxingdui,such as image of human face with vertical eyes,are easy to let people think 'Men With Clairvoyances And Clairaudient' told in the fable,is it the figure or the discarded things of visitors from the outer space?

The two excavations were not filled at the same time according to the mensuration of C14,No.1 excavation is 100 years before the No.2,but there is only about 20m between the two excavations,which have the same direction facing to the northwestern high mountains in general.

In the component analysis to bronze unearthed from Sanxingdui, there isn't minimum zinc in all samples, it is very unbelievable because normally zinc exists along with lead in the nature, this result indicates that vanadium used by Shu people to smelt bronze isn't the normally used lead-zinc mine but vanadium without zinc,which were hard to find in Sichuan at that time, how can people in Ancient Kingdom Of Shu get it?

   图为三星堆出土的青铜面具(BRONZE MASK)

   古时祭祀坑多为五个一起出现。在三星堆发现的两个坑若确实为祭祀用坑的话,还会有第三、第四、第五个坑被发现吗?会有历史更古久、更精美、更令今人难以理解的文物出土吗?

 
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